Monday, 5 December 2011

Special characteristics that protect animals from danger.

  1. Animals have different physical characteristics that protect themselves from their enemies. These include
·         A hard shell
·         Thick skin
·         Dry, hard scales
·         Horns
·         Spines
·         Sharp claws
·         Body shape or colour that matches the surroundings
·         Good eyesight and hearing 
  • The bodies of garden snails, clams, crabs and tortoises are covered by a hard shell. The shell helps to protect the animals from their enemies.




  •  Garden snails and tortoise can also pull their head, legs or their whole body inside their shell. Clams protect themselves by closing up their shells.
  • Rhinoceros and elephants have thick skin. When bitten by their enemies, rhinoceros and elephants are less likely to get serious injury.

  • The bodies of crocodile and pangolins are covered with dry, hard scales. The scales protect the animals from their enemies.

  •  Male goats, male deer, bulls and rhinoceros use their horns to protect themselves from their enemies. They can use their horns to attactor injure their enemies.

                                                                   Male deer

                                                                Male goat

  •  Porcupines, porcupine fish, and starfish have spines on the surface of their body. The spines can injure enemies that go near or attack these animals.
( a ) Porcupines raise their long, stiff spines as a warning when their enemies go near them.

( b ) A porcupine fish can inflate its body by drinking a lot of water. This raises the sharp spines on the fish’s body. The spines help to keep the fish’s enemies away.

  •  Eagles, tigers, lions and cats have sharp claws. These animals can use their claws to protect themselves and their young from their enemies.

  •  Some animals have body shapes or colours that match their surroundings. This makes it easier for these animals to hide from their enemies.
    ( a ) Stick insects have a long, thin body that looks like a stick or twig. Their body colour is also similar to the colour of twigs.

( b ) Leaf insects have green body parts that look like leaves.

( c ) Zebras have black and white stripes on their bodies. This makes it more difficult for their enemies to detect them from a distance.

  •    Centipedes, cobras, wasps and scorpions can defend themselves from their enemies using their poison. 
    ( a ) Centipedes and cobras can bite their enemies to weaken or kill them.
    ( b ) Wasps and scorpions can sting their enemies to weaken or kill them.




    •  Some animals have very good eyesight and hearing that help them detect their enemies early.

    ( a ) Eagles have good eyesight
    ( b ) Rabbits have good hearing



No comments:

Post a Comment